What is Thyroid Disease?thyroid

THE THYROID is a small, butterfly-shaped gland located in the front of the neck, which produces hormones that increase oxygen use in cells and stimulate vital processes in every part of the body. These thyroid hormones have a major impact on growth, use of energy, heat production, and infertility. They affect the use of vitamins, proteins, carbohydrates, fats, electrolytes, and water, and regulate the immune response in the intestine. They can also alter the actions of other hormones and drugs.

Experts estimate that as many as 13 million Americans have a thyroid disorder, but up to eight million may go undiagnosed, since many people do not know that they have a thyroid deficiency. When there is inadequate secretion of thyroid hormones, “hypothyroidism” occurs and the body begins to slow down. On the other hand, the opposite is true of the “hyperthyroid” patient, whose metabolic rate is greatly accelerated, producing a speeding up of all the bodily processes and an emotional upheaval in response to the increased physical activity.


How we can help…

The ultrasound screening can detect abnormal size which may indicate hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism. Cysts and solid masses on the thyroid gland can also be detected. Cysts with fluid in them are normally benign. Masses are solid, and require a biopsy.